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"The Resurrection of
Jesus Christ"
John 20:1-18 verse-by-Verse Bible Study
The Empty Tomb

Jesus' Tomb

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ:
John 20:1-18

Verse 1: "first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb."

This woman was Mary Magdalene, not to be confused with (Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus), who anointed Jesus feet with her tears at the home of Simon the Leper.

Being the first day of the week would mean the Sabbath had ended before Mary visited the tomb. The large disk shaped stones used to seal the tomb were so heavy it would have taken several men to move it away.

The stone was not rolled away so that Jesus could get out; He could have left without moving the stone. The Stone was removed so others could see that His body was not there. Jesus' Resurrection from the dead offered even more proof that He was the Messiah. It would also show that those who had crucified Him were murders.

The enemies had understood that His reference to the sign of Jonah meant that after three days He would rise from the dead.

Concentrating on proving that Jesus was the Messiah, the Gospel of John left out many details that are included in the synoptics. 

However, we have learned from the other Gospels that the enemies took extreme measures to assure that Jesus' body could not be removed from the tomb.

But now the tomb has been found empty, and with the enemy unable to reveal His presence, the only logical conclusion is that He has risen.

Mary Magdalene discovered the empty tomb on the first day of the week. Therefore, the first day of the week, "Sunday" is recognized by Christians as the "Lord's Day, or, "Resurrection Day."

Verse 2: "So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved, and said to them, "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him."

Most believe that the "Other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved," was John, the writer of this Gospel. The disciples had rejoined after being scattered, and were not far from Jesus' grave.

"We do not know where they have laid him:" Mary clearly had not yet understood that Jesus would be resurrected, and assumed that His body has been stolen.

The use of we means that Mary Magdalene did not go alone. According to Matthew 28:1, the other woman, was still another Mary, but Scripture does not identify this other Mary.

The name, "Mary" was popular in that day, and several of Jesus followers were named "Mary." Some scholars think the other Mary  could have been the wife of Clopas, as mentioned in John 19:25, or the mother of James and John in Matthew 27:56.

Verses 3-4: "So Peter went out with the other disciple, and they were going toward the tomb. 4Both of them were running together, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first."

The disciples ran together as fast as they could to see for themselves that His body was indeed gone. Although John outran Peter and reached the scene first, Peter was the first to enter the grave. 

Many have speculated on why the Holy Spirit wanted to record that one outran the other, and that the other entered first (verse 6). Some humorously say that John merely wanted all of eternity to know that he could outrun Peter.

However, as mentioned an a previous study, John was very kind in his account of Peter's cowardly actions during Jesus trial before the Chief Priests, much more so than the other Gospels, and is now portraying the fearless, totally dedicated side to Peter that we knew prior to the trial.

Verse 5-6: "And stooping to look in, he saw the linen cloths lying there, but he did not go in. 6Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb. He saw the linen cloths lying there, and the face cloth, which had been on Jesus’s head, not lying with the linen cloths but folded up in a place by itself."

Since Scripture does not provide guidance we can only speculate on the reason John did not enter the tomb. Some think, that although he was the first there, he may have been temporarily stunned at the scene before him.

The linen clothes, that had been used to wrap Jesus' body, remained undisturbed, and as though He had simply risen through them. The wrapping for His head was neatly folded, and  separate from the others.

The grave could not hold Him, He was alive and had no need of grave clothes; soon He would again be clothed with the glory of Heaven.

Verse 8-10: "Then the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went in, and he saw and believed;

Once again John declares that he is an eyewitness.

Although he did not understand the Scripture concerning the resurrection, the empty tomb convinced John that Jesus had supernaturally risen from the dead.

9for as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that he must rise from the dead. 10Then the disciples went back to their homes."

First Peter went in, then John, and John "saw and believed." Until that moment the disciples had not understood that Jesus would actually live again.

Jesus had told the disciples on numerous occasions that He would be crucified, and then rise again on the third day. Even so, Peter and John were shocked to find the empty tomb.

Now, perhaps with a mixture of hope and unbelief,  the disciples not knowing what else to do, returned home. 

The other woman who was with Mary (verse 2), is not mentioned again, and had apparently also left.  

As we will see, neither Mary or the disciples understood the resurrection until confronted  with overwhelming proof.

This concludes our study of the ressurection of Jesus Christ. 

Our next study is:

Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene

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Parables of Jesus

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Resurrection of Jesus Christ 

Samuel L. Mills

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Samuel L Mills
P.O. Box 4456
Maryville, TN 37802

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Reginald: United States
I had a dream I was standing on front of a ship with my hands stretch out to the heavens. And I felt I was actually on the ship what does it means

Mpho: Botswana
In my dream I was praying in the middle of nowhere and the light shine brighter on me.And I saw people with weapons and they ask me what is my problem,why am interfering in their business.I just told them that am doing what I have to do. 
Then i prayed again and the smoke from nowhere came and they all vanished.Then the sky opened and changed into beautiful colours and bounced many times,and I saw face in a form of a cloud looked at me breath heavily and smile.

Cynthia: United  
I dreamed 5 of God's hands on the United states covering the United states with them

Tabitha: United Kingdom
I had a dream where I did something wrong, very wrong but don't know what. I repented for it and I came forth in tongue. My mum told me it was the tongue of satan but in my heart I knew it wasn't. Then a door way came and bright florescent white light shown throught and it gave me a wooden engraving of an angel, one side dark and the other side was light. What does this dream mean?

David: Poland
Hi my dream took a place on the bus I was there with all my friends that I meet through my life,a lot childhood one's and in one point the bus was like in a dark place,but from nowhere the bright yellow light came and I started very slowly going up to sky,all my friend's went on their knees and started to praying I felt great,I mean the best dream feeling ever I was heading very slow to sky and I look on my friends I had blessed them and told them that God will not forget you and he will come for you,they countinue to pray,some of them were crying,I was trying to reach them with my hands but it was too far cause I was already above them being taken by light,Can someone please help me understand my dream,thank you all and god bless you my friends

Hilton: United States
I had a dream that my wife was in the middle of a pool,and there was a guy that threw a orange ball and hit her in the face with it I was standing outside the pool and and I saw him do this I looked at him and started running toward the other towards him as he was climbing out of the pool and her mother stop me, but I my dream I knew the guy was lusting over her,any feedback would be great

EARTHSEAN: United States
I loved this study of Jesus rising from the dead

Barbara: United States
Thank you for your explanation of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It was easy to follow and understand.